Project Authorization Requests (PAR) 1484.12.1: IEEE Standard for Learning Object Metadata 1484.12.2: Standard for ISO/IEC 11404 binding for Learning Object Metadata data model
1484.12.3: Standard for Learning Technology-Extensible Markup Language (XML) Schema Definition Language Binding for Learning Object Metadata 1484.12.4: Standard for Resource Description Framework (RDF) binding for Learning Object Metadata data model
standard will specify the syntax and semantics of Learning Object Metadata, defined as
the attributes required to fully/adequately describe a Learning Object. Learning Objects
are defined here as any entity, digital or non-digital, which can be used, re-used or
referenced during technology supported learning. Examples of technology supported learning
computer-based training systems, interactive learning environments, intelligent computer-aided
instruction systems, distance learning systems, and collaborative learning environments.
Examples of Learning Objects include multimedia content,instructional content, learning
objectives, instructional software and software tools, and persons, organizations, or
events referenced during technology supported learning. The Learning Object Metadata standards
will focus on the minimal set of attributes needed to allow these Learning Objects to
managed, located, and evaluated. The standards will accommodate the ability for locally
extending the basic fields and entity types, and the fields can have a status of obligatory
(must be present) or optional (maybe absent). Relevant attributes of Learning Objects
to be described include type of object, author, owner, terms of distribution, and format.
Where applicable, Learning Object Metadata may also include pedagogical attributes such
as; teaching or interaction style, grade level, mastery level, and prerequisites. It
possible for any given Learning Object to have more than one set of Learning Object Metadata.
The standard will support security,privacy, commerce, and evaluation, but only to the
extent that metadata fields will be provided for specifying descriptive tokens related
areas; the standard will NOT concern itself with how these features are implemented.
We expect these standards will conform to, integrate with,or reference existing open standards
and existing work in related areas.For example core Attributes of Learning Objects will
be coordinated with or may simply defer to, the efforts to standardize content objects
Purpose of Proposed Project
To enable learners or instructors to search, evaluate, acquire, and utilize Learning
To enable the sharing and exchange of Learning Objects across any technology supported
To enable the development of learning objects in units that can be combined and decomposed
in meaningful ways.
To enable computer agents to automatically and dynamically compose personalized lessons
for an individual learner.
To compliment the direct work on standards that are focused on enabling multiple Learning
Objects to work together within a open distributed learning environment.
To enable, where desired, the documentation and recognition of the completion of existing
or new learning & performance objectives associated with Learning Objects.
To enable a strong and growing economy for Learning Objects that supports and sustains
all forms of distribution; non-profit, not-for-profit and for profit.
To enable education, training and learning organizations, both government,public and
private, to express educational content and performance standards in a standardized
format that is independent of the content itself.
To provide researchers with standards that support the collection and sharing of comparable
data concerning the applicability and effectiveness of Learning Objects.
To define a standard that is simple yet extensible to multiple domains and jurisdictions
so as to be most easily and broadly adopted and applied.
To support necessary security and authentication for the distribution and use of Learning